Occupation: Professor of Modern European History, University of Oxford
Occupation: Professor of European Studies at the University of Oxford
Occupation: Professor in history at Warsaw University
Beginning as a Polish labor union, Solidarność (Solidarity) was a Polish resistance movement that fought for social change and workers’ rights. Despite the communist Polish government's efforts to quash the movement through both martial law and political repression, Solidarność grew to become a major force in ending communism in Poland.